Considered the poorest in terms of economic status in Central South America, the Plurinational State of Bolivia still exhibits one of the most abundant resources in the continent. The territory is bounded by the neighbouring nations: Brazil (North and East), Peru (West), Chile (South-West) and Argentina and Paraguay (South). It became a landlocked country after surrendering its coastlines to Chile. Bolivia is a country of diversity in both climate zones and geographical terrain. Alongside this, the country has much to offer in terms of cultural heritage. About 60% of its total population claims to be of indigenous descent and thus makes the country the most indigenous in the continent. With these priceless treasures of natural heritage, no amount of money can match the value of the land of Bolivia.
Salar de Uyuni
Salar de Uyuni is the remains that were used to be a transient lake in the city of Uyuni, south west of Bolivia. It is the largest salt flat on Earth which was formerly part of Lake Minchin, a prehistoric lake. Although the place is devoid of wild life, the site has become a breeding ground for migratory birds such as the pink flamingo, Andean goose and the Andean Hillstar. Most of its vegetation is cacti and low shrubs. Legend has it that the Salar de Uyuni was the result of the milk and tears of a deity named Tunupa, which is also one of the mountains that surround Salar.
Located in the borders of Peru and Bolivia, Lake Titicaca has the highest-point elevation among the lakes in the world. It was held as a sacred site for the Inca’s, one of the greatest civilizations in history. According to the legend, the world was formed from this very lake by the god Viracocha. Last 2000, archaeological expeditions made findings of a submerged ancient temple in its depths. The site is also considered as the birthplace of the Incan civilization. Alongside the lake, the 41 islands that drift in its body are also regarded as sacred most especially Isla de Sol or”Island of the Sun”. Because of its immensity and depth, it is not a surprise to find that the spectacular lake is a remnant of an enclosed, prehistoric sea.
Despite being a landlocked country, Bolivia possesses a number of sparkling waterfalls. One of these is found in Los Espejillos, in the western part of Sta. Cruz. It experiences a tropical climate which only makes the scenery more exquisite with its series of waterfalls and the clear pools below it. It is ideal for relaxation as the place is perfect in both waterscapes and ambiance.
Situated on the Northern part of Cordillera Real, Illampu is only one of the many mountains of Bolivia. It is adjacent to another mountain, Ancohuma and rises above the town of Sorata, who experiences an alpine climate due to the mountain. Despite being only the 4th highest in terms of altitude, Illampu is considered as one of the most challenging climb in Bolivia. It is quite impressive to know that Illampu, when seen from the slightly higher Ancohuma, looks like a mountain taken from the Himalayas.
Much of Bolivia’s diverse wildlife and vegetation is reflected in the department of Beni, part of the tropical lowlands of Bolivia. Because of its biological importance, a natural reserve was built in this region to conserve the spectacular wildlife such as the pink river dolphin. A popular tourist spot called Rurrenabaque is also located in this department. Because of its tropical climate, its terrain boasts lush tropical forests and flat grasslands home to a multiple species of insects, fauna and flora.