The large expanse of tropical savanna eco-region in Brazil is known as the Cerrado found in the states of Goiás as well as Minas Gerais in Brazil. The cerrado is the home to massive variety of plant and animal biodiversity. The World Wide Fund for Nature has described Cerrado as the richest savanna in the planet biologically.
The Cerrado region experiences a hot and semi-humid type of climate and usual dry winters with annual rainfall of not less than 1500 mm. The Cerrado landscape has widespread savanna pattern accompanied by gallery forests along with stream valleys. Cerrado encourages different type of vegetation
The Cerrado trees have strange twisted trunks and enclosed by thick barks and leaves and the herbaceous plants store water and nutrients in their extensive roots and the thick bark or roots are their exceptional adaptation features that save them from periodic fires cause by natural lightning that often brush off the Cerrado landscape.
The tropical savanna eco-region of Cerrado shelters a massive diversity of both plant and animal species. There are over 1600 species of mammals, reptiles and birds located in the Cerrado’s Fauna. Cerrado is the home to noticeable number of invertebrates that includes termites and the leaf-cutter ants. The Bird species include the Crowned Solitary Eagle, Dwarf Tinamou, Brazilian Merganser Hyacinth Macaw, Buff-necked Ibis and more.
The common animals found in Cerrado vegetation are numerous species of monkeys, Brazilian Tapir, Jaguar, Pampas Deer, Wolf, Ocelot, Cougar, and much more. The Cerrado is considered to be one of the threatened ecosystems of South America. Thus the government has taken steps for conserving its natural resources with more than eight national parks, a number of ecological stations, and a number of state parks.