The Greater Republic of Colombia is by far one of the countries in Latin America that exudes mysterious beauty and natural wonder. Least visited but not in the very least lacking of spots which tourists would want to visit and explore, Colombia is famous for the following natural wonders:
Gorgona Natural Park
Also known as The Virgin Nature, Gorgona is an island about 50 km off the coast of the Colombian Pacific that speaks of biodiversity.
Diego de Almagro first discovered the island in 1527, and for some time it served as a prison island. It was only in 1985 that it became National Natural Reservation Park, this time serving as sanctuary to a wide variety of endemic species like humpback whales, sperm whales, porpoises and dolphins.
Gorgona is also rich in corals. As an oceanic island sizing up to 24 km2, 85% of it is covered by thick tropical jungle, which is home to babilla alligators, reptiles and marine turtles.
La Tatacoa Desert
Colombia’s second largest dry area next to the La Guajira Peninsula, the La Tatacoa is one of the country’s most scenic landscapes.
Covering an area of 330 km2, the La Tatacoa is located near the municipality of Villavieja, which is known to be Colombia’s paleontological capital. Because of this, geologists and paleontologists frequently visit the place to examine fossils of armadillos, giant sloths, mollusks and rodents.
In addition, the desert is naturally privileged to be situated at latitude 3o13’ north and longitude 75o10’ west, La Tatacoa serves as an astronomical rise in which 88 constellations can be observed (e.g. Scorpius, Cygnus, Virgo, Centaurus, Sagittarius), as well as meteor showers and other celestial bodies and phenomenon.
A 154 – hectare marsh land rich in diverse fauna and flora species, the Sumapaz Moor is located in Bogota, and is widely accepted as the world’s largest moor.
The white deer, real eagle, puma, curi, moor danta, condor, and tigrillo are just some of the fauna species that live in the Sumapaz Moor. Similarly, the moor rosemary, frailejon, coloradito, and rascal are among the flora species that thrive there. The Sumapaz was officially made a National Natural Park in 1997, but since before it has been serving as a hydric resource, to name a few are the La Negra and the Chisaca lagoons. Furthermore, this moor also holds high anthropological value, as it has been a place where Muisca (a pre-Columbian culture) items were discovered through deep excavations.
Flamingos Natural Park
Also known as the Flamingos Fauna and Flora Sanctuary, the Flamingos Natural Park (Los Flamencos National Park) is located in the Colombian Caribbean Region and the Guajira Peninsula.
Since 1977, it has been a sanctuary to a huge American flamingo population, which is easily the main tourist attraction, although many other varieties can also be seen. It extends to 7000 hectares of dry forest, coastal wetlands, mangroves and seasonal lagoons.
Also, the Los Flamencos National Park offers the following attractions:
Amacayacu: The Hammock River
Yet again another National Natural Park, the Amacayacu (Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu), otherwise known as the Hammock River, is located along the Amazon River south of Colombia.
Covering a 293,500 – hectare area, the Amacayacu is truly a place of adventure and exploration. Its flora and fauna is richly luxurious, and about 486 bird species have been recorded to inhabit the place. Notably, it is also home to the world’s smallest primate, the lion marmoset (Leontopithecus rosalia).
Attraction sites offered by the Amacayacu also include the 600 – meter long Canopy Bridge, and the Tarapoto Lakes, where one can observe pink dolphins.