Henri Pittier Park is renowned for its diversity in birdlife. The ecosystem around the national park varies as one ascends. It covers 107,800 hectares and comprises of two geographic systems. The first system is made up of over 500 bird species as well as 22 endemic species.
The second geographic system is made up of beaches, resorts and bays with a huge potential for tourism. The national park is also an important source of water for the cities, towns and farmers around its vicinity. The park is under the auspices of the national parks of Venezuela-INPARQUES- which has the task of park’s policy formulation as to the preservation of natural resources. The natural resources include rainforests and marine estuaries on the Cordillera de la Costa that were under constant threat by farming activities and fires in addition to protecting the parks preservation and biodiversity of the rare, vulnerable, endemic or endangered.
Henri Pittier Park has rocks that are 80 million years old. These rocks support a very moisture rich rainforests. The diverse altitudes results in diverse habitats that range from coastal dry scrub, tropical grassland, cloud forests to coastal mangroves, elfin forest and palm rich lowland forest.
Just a six day bird watching at Henri Pittier Park will yield about 400 different bird species sightings. This is because the Partachuelo pass is a major migratory route for various birds and insect species making their way down to the Atlantic to South America. Bird watching enthusiasts can do so all year.